Gastritis; Causes, Symptoms, What You Need To Know
Gastritis is the general term that refers any condition that involves inflammation of the stomach lining. This inflammation can be either acute or chronic. The severity can depend on a variety of factors. For most people, it is minor and will go away quickly after treatment. However, there are some forms that can produce ulcers or cause a higher risk for cancer.
Gastritis damages the inner lining of your stomach. There can be a variety of causes. Major illness to the body or an injury that disrupts blood flow to the stomach which can increase the acid levels.
Stomach lining damage can also be caused by the following:
- excessive alcohol consumption
- aspirin and pain relievers
- bacterial or viral infections
- radioactive treatments to the upper abdomen or lower part of the chest
- surgery to remove part of your stomach
Gastritis: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
Heliocobacter pylori bacteria is the most common cause. It usually starts when you are a child even though symptoms may not appear until you become an adult.
Food allergies also can trigger it.
Gastritis: Foods To Avoid
Avoid foods that are high in fat content as they will increase the inflammation. In addition, here are some other foods to avoid because they can also irritate the stomach lining:
- acidic foods like tomatoes and some fruits
- fruit juice
- fatty foods
- fried foods
- carbonated drinks
- spicy foods
Gastritis: Foods You Can Eat
Don’t feel deprived or that you’re being short-changed. Foods you can eat are also tasty, delicious, and will keep your gastritis under control. Here is a short list:
- high-fiber foods such as apples, oatmeal, broccoli, carrots, and beans
- low-fat foods such as fish, chicken, and turkey breast
- vegetables that are low in acidity
- non-carbonated drinks
- drinks without caffeine
- yogurt and sauerkraut
Gastritis: Treatment Options
Treatments include medications such as antacids. For gastritis caused by the H. pylori bacteria, your doctor will also prescribe antibiotics. You should avoid alcohol, aspirin, or pain relievers. You should see improvement in a short period of time.